California Passes Bill to Allow Supervised Medical Marijuana Use in Public Schools

California Passes Bill to Allow Supervised Medical Marijuana Use in Public Schools

California Passes Bill to Allow Supervised Medical Marijuana Use in Public Schools

The historic bill was passed by the Californian Senate earlier this year, 25 to 13, and after its passage through the state assembly will now return to the Senate for what is assumed to be quick passage before it is sent to Governor Jerry Brown's desk, where it is expected it will be signed and put into law quickly.

Judges will have wide discretion in determining who can be released from jail, and courts must establish "pretrial assessment services" to evaluate a defendant's level of risk to public safety and make recommendations to judges about release conditions.

Previously, in many cases, a person could pay a fixed amount of bail money - determined by a judge with factors such as seriousness of the crime and previous criminal record - to be released from custody awaiting trial. Judy Woodruff interviews Marisa Lagos of public television station KQED, which has covered the story.

The ACLU and California progressives pointed to bail injustices revealed in a New York City Criminal Justice Agency study that found non-felony conviction rates jumped from 50 to 92 percent for those jailed pre-trial, while the felony rate jumped from 59 to 85 percent.

Chief Justice Cantil-Sakauye praised SB 10 as a "transformative day for our justice system" and thanked the "judges in my Pretrial Detention Reform Work Group to bring about a fair and just solution for all Californians".

If you're accused of committing a serious crime and have cash, you can post bail, go home and prepare your legal fight.

The law is set to take effect on October 1, 2019, and promises to usher in a host of changes for how courts deal with pretrial detainees. Some worry unsafe people will go free and won't return for trial.

Telfeyan has mixed feelings about California's bail reform law.

Federal courts in the United States rarely require defendants to post cash bail.

Brown's signature gives the state's Judicial Council, the policy-making body for California's courts, broad authority to reshape pretrial detention policies. That time can be extended by 12 hours if necessary.

The ACLU has been in talks with more than 30 other states about bail overhaul and is now advising them to avoid using California as a model because its system won't ensure due process and won't prevent racial bias, she said.

Some criminal justice reform advocates worry defendants will spend weeks in jail while their lawyers try to prove they deserve to be set free.

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